Health Institutions

Our Country's Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) 2011-2015GC has been designed to maintain the rapid and broad-based economic growth enjoyed by Ethiopia in the recent past and eventually to end poverty (MOFED 2010). The Health Sector Development Program(HSDP) is a key component of GTP and its primary objective is to improve the health of the population through the promotion of preventive, curative and rehabilitative health services by :-

v  Improving access to affordable health services; and

v  Improving the Health qualities of health services

The health policy in Ethiopia also takes in to account broader issues such as population dynamics, food availability, acceptable living conditions and other essentials of better health. The HSDP prioritizes maternal   new born care and child health and aims to halt reverse the spread of major communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, TB and Malaria. The health extension Programme (HEP) serves as a primary vehicle for the prevention, health promotion, behavioral change communications and basic curative care. The HEP is an innovative health service delivery programme that aims at universal coverage of primary health care. The programme is based on expanding physical health infrastructure and developing Health Extension Workers (HEWs) who provide basic preventive and curative health services in the rural communities.

The first phase of the HSDP (HSDP I) was initiated in 1996/1997 EC. Thus far, the Country has implemented the HSDP in three cycles and is in its fourth phase, HSDP IV (2010/11-2014/15). Assessment of HSDP III shows remarkable achievements in the expansion and construction of health facilities and improvement in the quality of health service provision. HSDP IV also prioritizes maternal and new born care and child health.

The information was taken from Mini Demographic Health Survey 2014 conducted by the Central Statistical Agency.

The above table shows the number of health facilities in Jimma Zone in the past two consecutive years of the study. In the year 2013EC, there were 8 Hospitals owned by the government, 125 health centers, around 570 health posts and 1 Specialized Hospital in the zone. In this year, there were about 3 hospitals owned by non-governmental organization, 82 pharmacies, 154 primary Clinics, 54 medium clinics, 9 Specialty clinics & 52 rural drug vendors in the zone.

In the year 2014EC, there were 8 hospitals owned by the government, 125 health centers, 570 health posts and 1 specialized hospital in the zone. In this year, there were about 3 hospitals owned by non-governmental organization, 70 pharmacies, 152 clinics, 57 medium clinics, 37 Specialty clinics & 59 rural drug vendors in the zone.